Illustration of comparison essay in theory of literature: the difference between classicism and sentimentalism
Literature is an unique sort of art that will help to comprehend the present-day history and also to know the way the key tendencies of social development in past times were formed.
The aesthetics of classicism, which developed in Western European culture at the end of the seventeenth century, determined the ideological content of literary works, the strict system of poetic rules while the concepts of plot construction, reflecting the thought of orderliness and perfection associated with the universe, nature and society.
The “sensitive” literature of sentimentalism that emerged within the last half for the eighteenth century was meant to teach and educate on examples and images that cause empathy, which awakens high feelings, guided because of the indisputable fact that all evil can be overcome.
In our literary works as much as the start of the XIX century, classicism and sentimentalism www.eliteessaywriters.com/scientific-editing-proofreading-services developed, complementing one another and pursuing the exact same goal: to produce society perfect, by affirming the rational principles of morality while the rules of human behavior. Techniques to achieve this goal within the philosophy of classicism had been understood to be the assertion associated with the supremacy of order, form, hierarchy and were according to a definite division of creative designs and genres. The theorists of classicism paid special attention to drama and poetry. Epic poems and tragedies in which the basis of this plot has long been important historic activities, and actors – the gods and strongest of this world, demanded a lofty poetic composition, ruled spatial turns. These were caused by the “high” genre.
The spoken language and stylistically lowered images could only be contained in satires, fables and comedies, which fixed this is of “low” genres. Obligatory observance of the unity of the time, place, action and rules of constructing tragedy and drama with exposure, zygote, growth of action, culmination and resolution limited the possibility of stage-based discovery of images, but emphasized the inviolability of order, the bond of cause and impact, quality expression of this main concept of the task. Sentimentalism allowed more freely to use the way of artistic expression. Attention to household details, a description of emotional experiences, the image associated with the inner realm of man and their closeness to nature demanded and new literary forms. The epistolary genre, sentimental novel, travel records come in the literature. The development of sentimentalism greatly expanded the number of choices of artistic prose and managed to make it more democratic: the eye of both article writers and readers was the fate of a typical individual, clear, close, causing interest and compassion.
Thus, the essential difference between classicism and sentimentalism is really as follows: